Many people want to achieve financial freedom, which means having enough money to do whatever they want, wherever they want, and spending time with their loved ones without worrying about financial constraints.
One approach to making this goal a reality is through value investing. Here, investors invest in quality companies trading below their intrinsic value.
Successful investing doesn’t require expertise in the stock market and a degree in finance, but rather a solid understanding of investing fundamentals.
1. Exploring the Role of a Company’s Economic Moat
An economic moat is a sustainable competitive advantage that a company has over its competitors, which allows the company to maintain its market position and profitability over a long period of time.
This can be created through a variety of factors, such as cost advantage, efficiency in scaling, network effect, switching cost, intellectual property, branding, and more.
A company with a wide economic moat can typically generate consistent and stable earnings, which can result in steady long-term growth for investors.
2. Use of Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) to uncover a company’s fair value
Discounted cash flow (DCF) is a method used to estimate the intrinsic value of a company by calculating the present value of its expected future cash flows.
The process involves estimating future cash flows and growth rates, determining an appropriate discount rate to account for the time value of money and the risks associated with the investment, and calculating the net present value (NPV) of the company. The NPV is then compared to the market price to reveal if the company is undervalued, overvalued, or fairly priced.
3. Invest for the Long-Term
Investing for the long term is more effective since it takes advantage of the power of compounding and minimizes the impact of short-term market fluctuations.
Timing the stock market based on short-term fluctuations is risky and unpredictable. Whilst having a long-term investment perspective can help you stay focused on your goals and prevent panic selling during market downturns.
As Warren Buffett once said “time is your friend, the impulse is your enemy. Take advantage of compound interest and don’t be captivated by the siren song of the market.”
4. Protecting Your Investments Against Uncertainty
Risk management is an essential part of any investment strategy. As an investor, I prioritize risk management by adopting three key strategies.
- I always give myself a margin of safety before investing in any company because it provides a buffer or cushion against unexpected changes in circumstances. This means purchasing stocks at a price significantly below their estimated fair value that I have calculated.
- I limit my investment in any one company to 10% of my portfolio. It helps protect my investments against unexpected company-specific risks.
- I diversify across different sectors and markets to minimize the risk of significant losses and benefit from overall market growth.
This approach to risk management is grounded in the principles of value investing.
5. Sticking to Your Investing Philosophy in the Face of Distractions
The journey of investing is filled with many distractions that can cause self-doubt and uncertainty.
- Media news and information can distract investors, leading to impulsive decisions based on short-term market movements.
- Family and friends may offer well-intentioned but uninformed advice, which can cause self-doubt and second-guessing.
To overcome these,
- Focus on sticking to your investing philosophy and getting emotions out of the equation.
- Analyze each investment objectively by examining the company and its business model.
- Connect with investors who share your values and investment philosophy.
6. Taking a Disciplined and Patient Approach to Investing
If you are just starting out, there are several important steps to take to ensure a solid foundation for investing success.
- Have an emergency fund in place to protect against unexpected expenses or income loss.
- Tailor your investment strategy based on your life stage, financial situation, risk profile, and goals.
- Invest with confidence and peace of mind by aligning your investments with your risk tolerance, and avoiding those that don’t fit.
- Learn to analyse stocks. If you are too busy to learn, then consider ETF investing.
By taking a thoughtful and disciplined approach, you can increase your chances of long-term success and achieve your financial aspirations.
About the Author:
Ben Tan is a value investor who educates and inspire like-minded investors to be a better value investor. You can find him on Instagram @theglobetrottinginvestor or Twitter @investwithTGI. Visit his website to learn more https://www.theglobetrottinginvestor.com.